Category: Biology

Reading the Shape of Nature: Comparative Zoology at the Agassiz Museum (Science and Its Conceptual Foundations Series)

By Mary P. Winsor

Interpreting the form of Nature vividly recounts the turbulent early background of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard and the contrasting careers of its founder Louis Agassiz and his son Alexander. throughout the tale of this establishment and the people who shaped it, Mary P. Winsor explores the conflicting forces that formed systematics within the moment 1/2 the 19th century. Debates over the philosophical foundations of category, information of taxonomic study, the younger institution's monetary struggles, and the personalities of the lads such a lot deeply concerned are all dropped at life.

In 1859, Louis Agassiz demonstrated the Museum of Comparative Zoology to accommodate learn at the excellent forms that he believed have been embodied in all residing types. Agassiz's imaginative and prescient arose from his insistence that the order inherent within the range of existence mirrored divine production, now not natural evolution. however the mortar of the hot museum had scarcely dried whilst Darwin's foundation used to be released. by means of Louis Agassiz's dying in 1873, even his former scholars, together with his son Alexander, had defected to the evolutionist camp. Alexander, a self-made millionaire, succeeded his father as director and brought a considerably varied schedule for the museum.

To hint Louis and Alexander's arguments and the fashion of technological know-how they demonstrated on the museum, Winsor makes use of many desirable examples that even zoologists may well locate unusual. The locus of all this task, the museum construction itself, tells its personal tale via an excellent sequence of archival images.

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Sex and War: How Biology Explains Warfare and Terrorism and Offers a Path to a Safer World

By Malcolm Potts, Thomas Hayden

As information of warfare and terror dominates the headlines, scientist Malcolm Potts and veteran journalist Thomas Hayden take a step again to give an explanation for all of it. within the spirit of Guns, Germs and Steel, Sex and War asks the elemental questions: Why is conflict so primary to our species? And what do we do approximately it?

Malcolm Potts explores those questions from the frontlines, as a witness to war-torn international locations worldwide. As a scientist and obstetrician, Potts has labored with governments and reduction agencies globally, and within the trenches with girls who've been raped and brutalized during struggle. Combining their very own adventure with clinical findings in primatology, genetics, and anthropology, Potts and Hayden clarify war’s pivotal place within the human adventure and the way males specifically advanced lower than stipulations that preferred gang habit, rape, and arranged aggression. Drawing on those new insights, they suggest a rational plan for making battle much less widespread and no more brutal within the future.

Anyone drawn to realizing human nature, battle, and terrorism at their so much basic degrees will locate Sex and War to be an illuminating paintings, and person who may well swap the best way they see the world.

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Spontaneous Evolution: Our Positive Future and a Way to Get There From Here

By Bruce H. Lipton

We’ve all heard tales of individuals who’ve skilled doubtless magnificent recoveries from disease, yet can an identical factor take place for our global? in accordance with pioneering biologist Bruce H. Lipton, it’s not just attainable, it’s already occurring.

In Spontaneous Evolution, this world-renowned specialist within the rising technological know-how of epigenetics finds how our altering figuring out of biology can assist us navigate this turbulent interval in our planet’s historical past and the way each one folks can perform this worldwide shift.

In collaboration with political thinker Steve Bhaerman, Dr. Lipton invitations readers to reconsider:

  • the “unquestionable” pillars of biology, together with random evolution, survival of the fittest, and the function of DNA;
  • the dating among brain and matter;
  • how our ideals approximately nature and human nature form our politics, tradition, and person lives; and
  • how every one folks can develop into planetary “stem cells” aiding the overall healthiness and progress of our world.

By wondering the outdated ideals that obtained us to the place we're this day and retain us caught within the established order, we will be able to set off the spontaneous evolution of our species that might herald a brighter future.

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The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

This is the intense tale of the unfolding of existence in the world, advised by way of Michael J. Benton, a world-renowned authority on biodiversity. Ranging over 4 billion years, Benton weaves jointly the most recent findings on fossils, earth background, evolutionary biology, and plenty of different fields to spotlight the good leaps that enabled lifestyles to adapt from microbe to human--big breakthroughs that made complete new methods of lifestyles possible--including phone department and multicellularity, difficult skeletons, the circulate to land, the beginning of forests, the circulate to the air. He describes the mass extinctions, specifically the Permian, which obliterated ninety% of existence, and he sheds gentle at the origins of people, and of the various hominids that went ahead of us. He ends via mentioning that learning the earlier is helping us to foretell the long run: what occurs if the ambience warms by means of five levels? What occurs if we break a lot of the biodiversity on the earth? these items have occurred sooner than, Benton notes. we want merely glance to the far away earlier to understand the way forward for existence on Earth.

About the sequence: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and magnificence, Very brief Introductions provide an creation to a few of life's best issues. Written by means of specialists for the newcomer, they exhibit the best modern pondering the principal difficulties and concerns in hundreds and hundreds of key issues, from philosophy to Freud, quantum conception to Islam.

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Life: A Natural History of the First Four Billion Years of Life on Earth

By Richard Fortey

A New York occasions ebook Review Editors' Choice

"Extraordinary. . . . a person with the slightest curiosity in biology may still learn this book."--The big apple instances publication Review

"A terrific museum of the earlier 4 billion years on earth--capacious, jammed with treasures, choked with studying and wide-eyed wonder."--The Boston Globe

From its origins at the still-forming planet to the hot emergence of Homo sapiens--one of the world's prime paleontologists bargains an soaking up account of the way and why existence on the earth built because it did. Interlacing the story of his personal adventures within the box with brilliant descriptions of creatures who emerged and disappeared within the lengthy march of geologic time, Richard Fortey sheds gentle upon a desirable array of evolutionary wonders, mysteries, and debates. Brimming with wit, literary type, and the enjoyment of discovery, this is often an integral publication that would pride the overall reader and the scientist alike.

"A drama bolder and extra sweeping than long gone with the Wind . . . a excitement to read."--Science

"A superbly written and established paintings . . . choked with lucid expositions of science."--Natural History

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Illustrated Guide to Home Biology Experiments: All Lab, No Lecture (DIY Science)

Experience the magic of biology on your own residence lab. This hands-on advent contains greater than 30 academic (and enjoyable) experiments that assist you discover this interesting box by yourself. ideal for center- and high-school scholars and DIY fanatics, this full-color advisor teaches you the fundamentals of biology lab paintings and exhibits you the way to establish a secure lab at home.

The Illustrated advisor to domestic Biology Experiments can also be written with the wishes of homeschoolers firmly in brain, in addition to adults who're desirous to discover the technology of nature as a life-long pastime. To get the main from the experiments, we propose utilizing this advisor along side a typical biology textual content, resembling the freely downloadable CK-12 Biology (ck-12.org).

  • Master using the microscope, together with sectioning and staining
  • Build and detect microcosms, soda-bottle worlds of pond life
  • Investigate the chemistry of lifestyles from uncomplicated acids, bases, and buffers to advanced carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, enzymes, and DNA
  • Extract, isolate, and discover DNA
  • Explore photosynthesis, osmosis, nitrogen fixation, and different existence processes
  • Investigate the phone cycle (mitosis and cytokinesis)
  • Observe populations and ecosystems, and practice air and water pollutants tests
  • Investigate genetics and inheritance
  • Do hands-on microbiology, from basic culturing to micro-evolution of micro organism via pressured selection
  • Gain hands-on lab event to arrange for the AP Biology exam

Through their corporation, the house Scientist, LLC (thehomescientist.com/biology), the authors additionally supply low-cost customized kits that offer really expert gear and offers you’ll have to whole the experiments. upload a microscope and a few universal home items and you’re stable to go.

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The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

By Charles Darwin

This anthology is a radical advent to vintage literature in case you haven't but skilled those literary masterworks. if you happen to have recognized and enjoyed those works some time past, this is often a call for participation to reunite with previous buddies in a clean new structure. From Shakespeare’s finesse to Oscar Wilde’s wit, this detailed assortment brings jointly works as diversified and influential because the Pilgrim’s development and Othello. As an anthology that invitations readers to immerse themselves within the masterpieces of the literary giants, it truly is must-have addition to any library.

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Molecular Cell Biology

With its acclaimed writer staff, state-of-the-art content material, emphasis on scientific relevance, and insurance in keeping with key experiments, Molecular cellphone Biology has justly earned an impeccable recognition as a thrilling and authoritative textual content. warding off an encyclopedic process, the booklet grounds its assurance within the experiments that outline our figuring out of cellphone biology, attractive scholars with the intriguing breakthroughs that outline the field’s background and aspect to its destiny. The authors, all world-class researchers and academics, contain medically suitable examples the place applicable to aid illustrate the connections among phone biology and wellbeing and fitness and human illness.

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The Diversity of Life: With a New Preface (Questions of Science)

By Edward O. Wilson

View a set of movies on Professor Wilson entitled "On the Relation of technological know-how and the Humanities"

"In the Amazon Basin the best violence occasionally starts as a flicker of sunshine past the horizon. There within the excellent bowl of the evening sky, untouched by means of mild from any human resource, a thunderstorm sends its premonitory sign and starts a sluggish trip to the observer, who thinks: the realm is ready to change." observing from the sting of the Brazilian rain woodland, witness to one of these violence nature visits upon its creatures, Edward O. Wilson displays at the crucible of evolution, and so starts off his extraordinary account of the way the residing international turned various and the way people are destroying that diversity.

Wilson, across the world considered as the dean of biodiversity reports, conducts us on a travel via time, lines the techniques that create new species in bursts of adaptive radiation, and issues out the cataclysmic occasions that experience disrupted evolution and reduced international range over the last six hundred million years. The 5 huge, immense usual blows to the planet (such as meteorite moves and climatic adjustments) required 10 to a hundred million years of evolutionary fix. The 6th nice spasm of extinction on earth--caused this time fullyyt by way of humans--may be the person who breaks the crucible of existence. Wilson identifies this main issue in numerous ecosystems all over the world: coral reefs, grasslands, rain forests, and different usual habitats. Drawing on quite a few examples resembling the decline of chicken populations within the usa, the extinction of many species of freshwater fish in Africa and Asia, and the swift disappearance of wildlife because the rain forests are curb, he poignantly describes the dying throes of the residing world's diversity--projected to say no up to 20 percentage by way of the 12 months 2020.

All facts marshaled right here resonates via Wilson's tightly reasoned demand a spirit of stewardship over the world's organic wealth. He makes a plea for particular activities that would increase instead of decrease not only variety however the caliber of lifestyles in the world. slicing in the course of the tangle of environmental concerns that frequently vague the true predicament, Wilson continues that the period of war of words among forces for the maintenance of nature and people for monetary improvement is over; he convincingly drives domestic the purpose that either goals can, and needs to, be built-in. unheard of in its variety and intensity, Wilson's masterwork is key interpreting if you happen to care approximately holding the realm organic kind and making sure our planet's health.

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Evolution, Complexity and Artificial Life

Normally, synthetic evolution, advanced structures, and synthetic existence have been separate fields, with their very own study groups, yet we're now seeing elevated engagement and hybridization. Evolution and complexity symbolize organic lifestyles yet additionally they permeate synthetic lifestyles, via direct modeling of organic strategies and the construction of populations of interacting entities from which advanced behaviors can emerge and evolve. This latter attention additionally exhibits the breadth of the comparable themes of curiosity, and of different research viewpoints, starting from simply medical and exploratory ways geared toward verifying organic theories to technology-focused utilized learn aimed toward fixing tough real-world problems.

This edited booklet is established into sections on examine matters, organic modeling, brain and society, functions, and evolution. The contributing authors are one of the major scientists in those fields, and their chapters describe fascinating rules and ends up in themes equivalent to artefacts, evolutionary dynamics, gene regulatory networks, organic modeling, mobilephone differentiation, chemical communique, cumulative studying, embodied brokers, cultural evolution, an a-life method of video games, nanoscale seek by way of molecular spiders, utilizing genetic programming for affliction survival prediction, a neuroevolutionary method of electrocardiography, trust-adaptive grid computing, detecting dishonest bots in on-line video games, distribution seek in evolutionary multiobjective optimization, and differential evolution carried out on multicore CPUs.

The booklet may be of curiosity to researchers within the fields of man-made intelligence, man made existence, and computational intelligence.

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