A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt

By Malyn Newitt

A background of Portuguese abroad growth 1400-1668 provides an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as remote as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the information and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to assist enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a around the world business. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in a foreign country groups have been, surviving wars and normal failures, and heading off assaults by way of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s.

Including a close bibliography and word list, A background of Portuguese abroad enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of eu expansion

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Slave raiding rapidly ceased to be an option for, as Zurara wrote, ‘their terrible manner of fighting was such as to strike many men of understanding with great terror’. Trading for slaves seemed to Zurara less than heroic and his interest in the ‘Valorous deeds’ of the Infante’s men in consequence ceased. 69 Sometime around 1445 Portuguese ships also made contact with traders from the desert caravan town of Wadan, some 200 miles inland, who had come to the coast to collect sea salt before continuing across the desert to Morocco.

However, it is clear from contemporary sources that few of the privateering cruises undertaken at this time were particularly successful, and it was common for a ship’s crew to return with a cargo of seal oil if no prizes or slaves had been taken. 66 As a reward, we are told, Gonçalves was given the governorship of the town of Tomar and the habit of a knight of the Order of Christ. In this way military service overseas was rewarded with office, wealth and status back in Portugal. By the end of the 1430s little new had been ‘discovered’ as a result of these piratical cruises, which had been confined to the relatively well-known coasts of the Canaries, Atlantic Morocco and the Sahara.

In 1381 an English expedition, A history of portuguese overseas expansion, 1400–1668 12 led by the Earl of Cambridge, landed in Portugal for the invasion of Castile and was supported by troops raised in Portugal itself. The motivation for this involvement in Castilian politics, and in the wider political struggles in western Europe, was the chronic insecurity of both the Portuguese and Castilian dynasties. While Dom Pedro I of Portugal had children by his Castilian mistress (and possibly wife) Inês de Castro, and Dom Fernando married Leonor Teles, a woman with strong Castilian connections, and intrigued with dissident Castilian nobility for the Castilian throne, dynastic marriages made it certain that in their turn the Trastamaran kings of Castile would have a claim on the Crown of Portugal.

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