By John Glassie
A Scientific American Best technological know-how publication of 2012
An Atlantic cord top ebook of 2012
A New York occasions ebook Review Editor's Choice”
The fascinating” (The New Yorker) tale of Athanasius Kircher, the eccentric scholar-inventor who was once both a good genius or a crackpot . . . or somewhat both.
The pursuits of Athanasius Kircher, the mythical seventeenth-century priest-scientist, knew no bounds. From optics to song to magnetism to medication, he provided up innovations and theories for every thing, they usually made him recognized throughout Europe. His celebrated museum in Rome featured magic lanterns, conversing statues, the tail of a mermaid, and a brick from the Tower of Babel. Holy Roman Emperors have been his buyers, popes have been his neighbors, and in his spare time he collaborated with the Baroque grasp Bernini.
yet Kircher lived in the course of an period of radical transformation, during which the previous method of knowledgewhat he known as the art of knowing” used to be giving approach to the clinical procedure and smooth concept. A guy of Misconceptions traces the increase, luck, and eventual fall of this interesting personality as he tried to return to phrases with a altering world.
With humor and perception, John Glassie returns Kircher to his rightful position as one among history’s such a lot unforgettable figures.
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Extra resources for A Man of Misconceptions: The Life of an Eccentric in an Age of Change
However, for Husserl, we stressed, a scientiﬁc theory is a system of propositions (ideal meanings) expressible by sentences in a Quinean linguistic formulation of the theory. That said, we distinguish observational propositions from theoretical propositions. Within a Husserlian philosophy of science, I want to note the role of logical and mathematical propositions at the center of the web structure of an empirical theory. Quine’s familiar critique of Carnap features the breakdown of the analytic/synthetic distinction: thus Quine’s holistic web m odel (see Quine, 1980).
That theory of intentionality is the foundation of Husserl’s conception of phenomenology. Finally, Investigation VI develops a phenomenological theory of knowledge, featuring the character of evidence in intuition, including visual perception. What Science, Internationality, and Historical Background 5 is remarkable, and too little appreciated, is the tightly knit unity of Husserl’s s ystem. 1 Looking t o p hilosophy o f sci ence, I sh ould l ike t o em phasize t hree parts of Husserl’s system: his theory of theories, his theory of intentionality, a nd h is t heory o f e vidence.
Instead, we should think of ideal meanings— and ideal essences too— as part of the world. Indeed, meanings are tied into the wider world in very speciﬁc ways, not least in everyday perception and in scientiﬁc theory. I want to focus now on just those ways, in exploring the foundations of a H usserlian intentionality based philosophy of sci ence. We sh all be a dapting a nd e xtending Husserlian theory as we go. Intentionality, Indexicality, Global Indexicality, and Historicality in Husserl’s Theory of Science In a Husserlian theory of scientiﬁc knowledge, ideal meanings are tied into concrete events in several diﬀerent ways: as contents of acts of consciousness, a s in dexical m eanings in co ntextualized p erceptual exp erience, as globally indexical meanings in empirical judgments about “this world,” and as theoretical propositions developed in a historical scientiﬁc community.