By Charles T. Clotfelter
In greater schooling, the U.S. is the preeminent worldwide chief, dominating the record of the world’s best examine universities. yet there are symptoms that America’s place of world management will face demanding situations sooner or later, because it has in different geographical regions of overseas festival. American Universities in a world marketplace addresses the range of matters an important to figuring out this preeminence and this problem. The ebook examines a few of the components that contributed to America’s luck in better schooling, together with openness to humans and ideas, beneficiant governmental help, and a convention of decentralized pleasant festival. It additionally explores some great benefits of maintaining a dominant place during this market and examines the present kingdom of yank larger schooling in a comparative context, putting specific emphasis on how industry forces impact universities. by means of discussing the diversities in caliber between scholars and associations world wide, this quantity sheds mild at the singular facets of yankee greater education.
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Extra info for American Universities in a Global Market (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report)
Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Friedman, T. 2005. The world is flat: A brief history of the twenty-first century. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. Gerschenkron, A. 1962. Economic backwardness in historical perspective. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. , and L. Katz. 1999. The shaping of higher education: The formative years 44. Adam Liptak, “US Court is Now Guiding Fewer Nations,” New York Times, September 18, 2008. 45. For a short history, see Halbersham (1986). Introduction 29 in the United States, 1890– 1940.
For an analysis of broad trends in enrollments around the world, see Schofer and Meyer (2005). Introduction 27 In the near term, therefore, the rising share of foreign graduate students in our universities is cause for celebration rather than concern. Those students represent high- quality inputs into what remains a vibrant American industry. The benefits accrue to the United States and to the world at large. These benefits come in the form not only of scientific knowledge itself, but also in the model provided by American universities and funding agencies of how to undertake academic research.
31 And India announced in 2008 plans to set up a quasi- independent National Science and Engineering Research Board, patterned after the American 30. ” Chronicle of Higher Education, September 30, 2008. 31. Aisha Labi, “Obsession with Rankings Goes Global,” Chronicle of Higher Education, October 17, 2008; Hicks (2007, 236). 20 Charles T. 32 Reforming European Higher Education After the United States, Europe is the world’s leading region for higher education. It awards more PhD- equivalent degrees than the United States, and its universities are among the most storied and prestigious in the world.