By Tom Regan
What provides an animal 'rights?' What makes product trying out on animals flawed? In Animal Rights, Human Wrongs sought after activist and thinker Tom Regan skillfully places forth the argument for animal rights throughout the exploration of 2 questions significant to ethical thought: What makes an act correct? What makes an act incorrect? making an allowance for ethical theories resembling contractarianism, utilitarianism, and Kantian ethics, Regan presents the theoretical framework that grounds a dependable pro-animal rights standpoint, and finally explores how asking ethical questions on different animals may end up in a greater knowing of ourselves. the need of creating a transition from ethical concept to ethical perform turns into startlingly transparent as Reagan examines the general, daily offerings that might be plagued by believing in an ethical conception that affirms the rights of animals. For the various those that have ever questioned 'what distinction does it make if animals have rights,' Animal Rights, people Wrongs presents a provocative and exciting solution. For a dialogue of animal rights adapted to a extra normal viewers, see Empty Cages: dealing with the problem of Animal Rights (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003).
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Extra resources for Animal Rights, Human Wrongs: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy
Thus, while libertarians could agree that it would be a good thing for the children in the second example to receive health care, they would insist that these children do not have a right to receive it. More generally, no one has this right. Other philosophers (those with socialist inclinations) believe in rights of both kinds; for them, some moral rights are negative, but some are positive too. Thus, because receiving health care is such an important good, these philosophers can be counted upon to argue that the children in the second example do have a right to receive it.
How is it possible for people to oppose mistreating animals and, at the same time, to support practices they know cause animals pain and involve deliberately killing them? Moral philosophers, as well as other people of conscience, are not short on possible answers. One influential explanation favored by some philosophers grants that we have duties inuoluing animals but denies that we have any duties to them. It will be useful to give a name to moral theories of this type. For reasons that will become clearer as we proceed, I refer to them as indirect duty views.
Following in Descartes’s footsteps, Carruthers argues that because animals are unable to use 34 INDIRECT DUTY VIEWS language, they are unable to think, and because they are unable to think, they are not conscious of anything. Notwithstanding the fact that a coyote caught in a steel-jawed leghold trap behaves as if she suffers terribly, the animal has no interest in avoiding what she does not experience. ” Descartes’s and Carruthers’s language argument for denying conscious experience to nonhuman animals will not stand up under logical scrutiny.